Erase Every ‘Shall’?

April 30th, 2019

In many English speaking jurisdictions, the term “shall” is deemed to be somewhat ambiguous for the simple reason that it appears to make reference to discretion rather than obligation. In an attempt to look at its meaning precisely, consider Canadian corporate legislation as set out in the Canada Business Corporations Act which states, “A corporation […]


The Baby Boom Shift: The Impact of An Aging Workforce, …

December 18th, 2018

The baby-boomer generation (those born between 1946 and 1964) are a significant share of the Canadian population and while many within this category are opting to continue working well after their retirement years, there has been an indication that once they do retire, the resulting mass retirement will initiate an abundance of wealth and business […]


The Importance of Shareholder Agreements

December 1st, 2017

Any business that has two or more shareholders or equity investors should seriously consider having a shareholder agreement to protect not only the shareholders, but also the business itself.  Too often, the shareholders of a start-up business are reluctant to spend the time or money to prepare an agreement that addresses the major areas of […]


Toronto’s Proposal to Target Short-Term Rentals

June 12th, 2017

Short-term rental companies including Airbnb could possible be facing a proposed licensing system that would decrease the amount of properties they are capable of listing, as Toronto proposes a brand new system focusing on housing affordability within the city. With the rapid growth of short-term rental websites, including listings that are generally not the owner’s […]


Reducing Taxes & Helping The Economy – Flow …

November 9th, 2016

Flow-through financing refers to the issuing of flow through shares by Canadian resources companies where tax deductions from resource explorations “flow-through” to the company’s investors. The Canadian Revenue Agency explains how the flow-through share programs works here. To develop a mine, companies often have to spend substantial sums of money before they are in any […]


Das Scandal: Looking at Canadian Director and Officer L …

February 5th, 2016

By Ivan Merrow Volkswagen (VW)’s ex-CEO Martin Winterkorn is being investigated for fraud allegations by German authorities in the wake of the company’s emissions rigging scandal. According to news sources, VW has come clean about distorting its cars’ emissions data, but the damage has already been done. Reuters reports that the German prosecutors’ criminal investigation […]


Locum Tenens Agreements: An Ounce of Prevention is Wort …

August 13th, 2013

Building a successful dental practice takes a lot of time and money. The slightest disruption can cause significant damage to a practice. Planning for the unexpected is the best way to minimize possible disruptions and to protect a practice that may have taken several years to build. Locum tenens agreements are perhaps the most useful […]


You wrote what? Defamation in the internet age

November 8th, 2012

The internet has been described by some as a forum for righteous indignation. Many internet operators monetize their websites by operating rating sites, blogs which allow comments to be left or discussion forums. The ease in which comments may be made raises liability issues for both the writer and the websites on which such comments […]


Use it or lose it: some tips to ensure you maintain you …

November 8th, 2012

Under the Trade-marks Act, the owner of a registered trade-mark is granted the exclusive right to the use throughout Canada of the trade-mark.  However, in order for a trade-mark owner to maintain that right, the mark must be properly “used”. Failure to use a registered trade-mark for a period of three years from the date […]

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